In this special series, we will delve into the historic growth of Indian fascism — the Hindutva fascism — and its ties with global fascist movement with which it shares outlook and organisational ties.
Hindutva fascism’s white fetish character and Aryan supremacist dogma
Despite revering Hitler, the Hindutva fascist doctrine countered his claim that the Germans are the only true Aryans in the world. The Hindutva fascists claimed that the Indians are the true Aryans and it’s from India that the Aryan race has reached different corners of the world. This indigenous Aryan theory or Out of India theory has a large school of followers in the right-wing. It claims that the Indian Aryans are of the same superior race like the Germans, while the latter migrated to Europe from the Indian subcontinent.
Using different mythologies and hearsay as evidence, the Hindutva fascists preached that the Aryans weren’t invaders of India, as is historically argued by Marxists, but its natural inhabitants, without giving an iota of
The forceful occupation of the
It’s this white fetish character of Hindutva fascism that makes the saffron camp members ardent lackeys of the Nazi-inspired white-supremacist fascist movement. The Nazi doctrine is not only effectively Hindufied by the RSS and the Hindu Mahasabha during the 1930s, but it also gave them an opportunity to spread the idea that the north Indian upper-caste Hindus, with Aryan blood, have been historically superior to the dark-skinned Dravidians, tribals and other non-Aryan races.
While addressing a gathering of faculty and students of the School of Social Science of Gujarat University on 17 December, 1960, Golwalkar manifested the white-supremacist outlook of the RSS more clearly than ever by saying:
“Today experiments in cross-breeding are made only on animals. But the courage to make such experiments on human beings is not shown even by the so-called modern scientist of today. If some human crossbreeding is seen today it is the result not of scientific experiments but of carnal lust. Now let us see the experiments our ancestors made in this sphere. In an effort to better the human species through cross-breeding the Namboodiri Brahamanas [sic] of the North were settled in Kerala and a rule was laid down that the eldest son of a Namboodiri family could marry only the daughter of Vaishya, Kshatriya or Shudra communities of Kerala. Another still more courageous rule was that the first offspring of a married woman of any class must be fathered by a Namboodiri Brahmin and then she could beget children by her husband.”Organiser, RSS’s English mouthpiece, 2 January, 1961.
The concept of racial supremacy of the upper-caste Hindus, who have Aryan genes, led to the idea of a culturally homogenous Indian nation with the hegemony of Aryan, north Indian upper-caste Hindu culture and Hindi language. Not only this hegemony is imposed upon the Dravidians, the people of east and northeast, the tribal people and the Dalits, but
Talking about the “Muslim problem”, the infamous Golwalkar said
“From this standpoint, sanctioned by the experience of shrewd old nations, the foreign races in Hindusthan must either adopt the Hindu culture and language, must learn to respect and hold in reverence Hindu religion, must entertain no idea but those of the glorification of the Hindu race and culture, ie of the Hindu nation and must lose their separate existence to merge in the Hindu race, or may stay in the country, wholly subordinated to the Hindu Nation, claiming nothing, deserving no privileges, far less any preferential treatment — not even citizen’s rights.”We or Our Nationhood Defined, Bharat Publications, Nagpur 1939 (eBook)
The white supremacist view of the Hindutva fascist camp, the self-concocted notion of considering the north Indian Aryan upper-caste Hindus equal to the modern caucasian race, this loathing of dark-skinned aboriginal people whose land and resources are plundered now by the upper-caste Hindu elites, this shared Islamophobia and anti-minority outlook have combined together to form a bridge between the current Hindutva fascists and the white supremacist neo-Nazi movement in the west.
The unholy alliance between Hindutva fascism and white supremacist fascism
From the time of the Ram temple agitation in the late 1980s and early 1990s, the RSS and its offspring — the Vishwa Hindu Parishad (VHP), started receiving huge fundings from the CIA, which has been promoting the neo-Nazi movement in the US to distract the anti-establishment waves into the abyss of fascism. The RSS and the VHP then tapped the anger of the upper-caste Hindus of middle and lower-middle classes against the Congress rule in India. They exploited the disarrayed and weakened position of the leftwing movement in India to hoodwink the masses by donning an anti-incumbent and anti-establishment attire, which harped on the same myths and Hindu Rashtra narrative to lure and mobilise a support base outside its traditional upper-caste Hindu supporters in north India’s cow belt.
The advent of the neo-liberal economic system in India following the IMF’s and World Bank’s directive, opened a gate to immense opportunities to the Hindutva fascist camp that promised the foreign corporations and their Indian comprador allies a supportive state policy, promotion of cronyism, tax cuts, bailouts during crisis hours and sops to loot Indian natural resources, labour, etc, to gain support for its political aspiration. After the formation of the Atal Bihari Vajpayee-led Hindutva fascist NDA regime, which oversaw the massacre of Christians in Odisha’s Mayurbhanj, the 2002 Gujarat pogrom and an intensification of Islamophobia spread by the state, the Hindutva fascist camp became a very close ally of the US imperialism and its lackeys like Zionist fascist terrorism and Wahhabi fascist terrorism.
After the fall of the Vajpayee regime in 2004, though the BJP went into oblivion, the RSS used the Hindutva laboratories in Gujarat, Karnataka, Maharashtra and Uttar Pradesh to experiment new formulas of communalism, most of which revolved around the attempt to woo and wean away the Dalits, backward castes and tribal people under the Hindutva banner. The Congress-led UPA I and II regimes’ soft-Hindutva stance, the Islamophobia spread by the state machinery and its legitimation by the mainstream media helped the RSS to promote its leitmotif “Hindus under siege” cacophony using vitriol spread through a plethora of propaganda mediums and outlets.
It was the RSS’s resilience in proving its worth to the crisis-ridden Indian ruling classes and the US imperialism-led global finance and monopoly capital that helped the BJP to become a formidable force for the entire non-BJP camp to reckon with in 2014. The rise of the alt-right movement in the west, the legitimisation of neo-Nazi ideology and movements, sponsored by the CIA, helped the RSS to strengthen itself in the global arena and receive support for the project “Narendra Modi” in 2014. The RSS’s projection of the Brand Modi as the only solution to India’s problems and the path to revive the lost glory of a Hindu Rashtra — Bharat — purportedly destroyed by aggression of Muslims and Christians, matched the global template set by the white-supremacist neo-Nazi fascists and used their tonality.
Today, the unholy alliance between the Indian Hindutva fascists and the white supremacists is not only strengthening the RSS and the BJP, but also giving oxygen to other Hindutva fascist outfits. Organisational level tie-ups have increased globally between the Hindutva fascism and neo-Nazi white supremacists. In the US, capitalist Shalabh Kumar-led Hindutva fascist Republican Hindu Coalition has been a major supporter of Donald Trump and his sheer Islamophobic white-supremacist fascism. The Hindu Republican Coalition played a crucial role in propagating Islamophobia among the Indian Hindu diaspora during the 2016 Presidential Election,
Hindu Samhati’s Tapan Ghosh, a Hindutva fascist and serial hatemonger, from West Bengal,
It’s one of the unique non-white support to the white-supremacist forces, whose members despise the Indian people as much as they loathe the Mexicans, Africans or Middle Eastern people. Despite officially despising, persecuting and massacring Christians, the RSS and its progenies have been warmly embraced by the white-supremacists, most of whom profess a reactionary and fanatic version of Christian faith. This anomalous nexus may look quite surrealistic for political pundits because of its oxymoron appearance, however, it’s this alliance that’s transforming the political landscape across the globe.
The RSS’s experiments with terrorism and manipulation of state machinery from within using its clout, muscle power and liberalised purse string helped it to elevate itself as a topmost global fascist organisation. After years of vocally supporting the Zionist Israel’s gory atrocities against the Palestinian people, the RSS and its progeny organisations have now intensified their unapologetic support for the white-supremacist fascist camp and its attacks on Muslims, Jews and immigrants in Europe. The RSS and the Hindutva fascists led by it at present will support all Islamophobic forces to fan its support base and incite violence against Muslims on a global scale. It will continue to partner with the Saudi Arabian monarchy and its Wahhabi terrorist ideology so that more Muslims can be vilified by accusing them of being terrorists citing the heinous crimes committed by the Wahhabi forces at the directions of the US.
Actually, isolating the RSS singularly as the enemy, isolating it from the gargantuan imperialist machinery that’s promoting global fascism to rescue itself from a severe crisis, will be a political blunder. The catastrophe is not the Hindutva fascism’s meteoric rise, rather it’s the inability of the left, democratic and anti-imperialist forces in building a strong global resistance struggle against imperialist loot, plunder and oppression. The stronger the resistance to imperialism in a global scale will be, the stronger will be its repercussions on the local-level resistance to Hindutva fascism and the forces like feudalism, comprador capitalism and foreign capital that buttress it strongly.
Neither white supremacist fascism nor the Hindutva fascism can be defeated isolatedly or through a nihilist attitude. The white supremacist and Hindutva fascism are all set to persecute the Muslims and marginalised people to strengthen imperialism’s global hegemony. It’s by axing hard at the roots of the US imperialism-led global imperialist system and its accomplices like semi-feudal production relation and comprador-crony capitalism that the menace of terrorism and fascism can be uprooted once and for all from the society. To do this, it’s imperative that by casting away sectarianism, parochial outlook, and self-obsession, the anti-imperialist and anti-fascist forces start forging an iron-strong alliance against the imperialist system and its byproducts like all forms of fascism.
In India, this can be done correctly if the struggle against the Hindutva fascism can be taken down to the rural and urban poor, who have been at the receiving end of this sheer inhuman system. It’s out of the drawing room of the urban liberal upper-caste Hindu bourgeoisie that the real Indian people, the workers, the peasants, the toiling people, the unemployed youth, the students, the unorganised workers are suffering and it’s essential that they are united, organised and aroused to take on Hindutva fascism and defeat it. The defeat of the Hindutva fascist mantle will definitely hasten the downfall of imperialism’s favourite white-supremacist fascism. The faster the united struggle is started, the faster one can stop the innocent lives being used in the altar of sacrifice to satiate the bloodlust of the upper-caste Hindu elites and middle class. As soon as the common people can be drawn away from the Hindutva fascism and white-supremacist fascism incidents like Boko Haram or ISIS terrorists killing Christians or Yazidis, or the white-supremacist terrorists killing Muslims or Jews, can be prevented and the future of humankind — saved.